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In this article, we will talk about the Supreme Court and the High Courts in India. It contains the following information:
- Facts about the Supreme Court and the High Courts in India
- Appointment & Removal of the Supreme Court and the High Court judges
- No. of the Supreme Court Judges present
- The Chief Justices of High Courts
10 Legal General Knowledge Facts about the Supreme Court and the High Courts in India
- The Supreme Court was inaugurated on January 28, 1950.
- The institution of High Courts originated in India in 1862 after the establishment of the Calcutta, Madras, and Bombay High Courts.
- Presently, India has 25 High Courts.
- Calcutta High Court is the first High Court in India.
- Articles 124- 147 Part V of the Constitution deals with the organization, independence, jurisdiction, powers, and procedure of the Supreme Court.
- Justice Sudhanshu Dhulia (Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court) and Justice Jamshed Burjor Pardiwala, judge (Gujarat High Court), have been elevated to the Supreme Court in 2022.
- Both the Supreme Court and the High Courts have the power to issue Writs.
- Justice Harilal Jekisundas Kania was the first Chief Justice of India.
- Justice Veeraswami Ramaswami was the first judge of the Supreme Court of India against whom impeachment proceedings were initiated.
- Telangana and Andhra Pradesh High Courts are the newest courts, established in the year 2019.
Appointment & Removal of the Supreme Court and High Court judges
Appointment of judges happens through the Collegium system. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in consultation with four senior judges recommends the names of the judges who will get elevated to the Supreme Court. After that, the Union Minister of Law, Justice, and Company Affairs will put up the recommendations to the Prime Minister who will advise the President on the matter of appointment.
President via Article 217 (1) of the Constitution appoints judges in the High Courts, and the Chief justice of the concerned High Court is also consulted. The President appoints the Chief Justice in High Courts after consulting the Chief Justice of India and the Governor of the state concerned.
Removal of Judges
President can remove both, the Supreme Court and the High Court judges. The President can issue the removal order only after an address by the Parliament has been presented to him in the same session for such removal. The address should have support from majority of each House of Parliament, not less than 2/3 of members of the House present and voting.
List of Supreme Court Judges (As on May 2022)
|S.No||Name of Hon’ble Judges||Date of Retirement|
|1||Hon’ble the Chief Justice of India N.V. Ramana||26-08-2022|
|2||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Uday Umesh Lalit||08-11-2022|
|3||Hon’ble Mr. Justice A.M. Khanwilkar||29-07-2022|
|4||Hon’ble Dr. Justice D.Y. Chandrachud||10-11-2024|
|5||Hon’ble Mr. Justice L. Nageswara Rao||07-06-2022|
|6||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul||25-12-2023|
|7||Hon’ble Mr. Justice S. Abdul Nazeer||04-01-2023|
|8||Hon’ble Ms. Justice Indira Banerjee||23-09-2022|
|9||Hon’ble Mr. Justice K.M. Joseph||16.06.2023|
|10||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Hemant Gupta||16.10.2022|
|11||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Mukeshkumar Rasikbhai||15-05-2023|
|12||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ajay Rastogi||17-06-2023|
|13||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Dinesh Maheshwari||14-05-2023|
|14||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sanjiv Khanna||13-05-2025|
|15||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Bhushan Ramkrishna Gavai||23-11-2025|
|16||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Surya Kant||09-02-2027|
|17||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Aniruddha Bose||10-04-2024|
|18||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ajjikuttira Somaiah Bopanna||19-05-2024|
|19||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Krishna Murari||08-07-2023|
|20||Hon’ble Mr. Justice S. Ravindra Bhat||20-10-2023|
|21||Hon’ble Mr. Justice V. Ramasubramanian||29-06-2023|
|22||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Hrishikesh Roy||31-01-2025|
|23||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Abhay.S. Oka||24-05-2025|
|24||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Vikram Nath||23-09-2027|
|25||Hon’ble Mr. Justice J.K. Maheshwari||28-06-2026|
|26||Hon’ble Ms. Justice Hima Kohli||01-09-2024|
|27||Hon’ble Mrs. Justice B.V. Nagarathna||29-10-2027|
|28||Hon’ble Mr. Justice C.T. Ravikumar||05-01-2025|
|29||Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.M. Sundresh||20-07-2027|
|30||Hon’ble Ms. Justice Bela M. Trivedi||09-06-2025|
|31||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Pamidighantam Sri Narasimha||02-05-2028|
|32||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sudhanshu Dhulia||09-08-2025|
|33||Hon’ble Mr. Justice J.B. Pardiwala||11-08-2030|
List of Chief Justices of High Courts (As on May 2022)
|S.No||Name of Hon’ble Chief Judges||High Courts|
|1||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Rajesh Bindal||Allahabad High Court|
|2||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra||Andhra Pradesh High Court|
|3||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Dipankar Datta||Bombay High Court|
|4||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Prakash Shrivastava||Calcutta High Court|
|5||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Arup Kumar Goswami||Chhattisgarh High Court|
|6||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Vipin Sanghi (Acting Chief Justice)||Delhi High Court|
|7||Hon’ble Mr. Justice N. Kotiswar Singh (Acting Chief Justice)||Gauhati High Court|
|8||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Aravind Kumar||Gujarat High Court|
|9||Hon’ble Ms. Justice Sabina (Acting Chief Justice||Himachal High Court|
|10||Hon’ble Ms. Justice Gita Mittal||Jammu & Kashmir High Court|
|11||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Dr. Ravi Ranjan||Jharkhand High Court|
|12||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ritu Raj Awasthi||Karnataka High Court|
|13||Hon’ble Mr. Justice S. Manikumar||Kerala High Court|
|14||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ravi Malimath||Madhya Pradesh High Court|
|15||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Munishwar Nath Bhandari||Madras High Court|
|16||Hon’ble Mr. Justice P V Sanjay Kumar||Manipur High Court|
|17||Hon’ble Mr Justice Sanjib Banerjee||Meghalaya High Court|
|18||Hon’ble Dr. Justice S. Muralidhar||Orrisa High Court|
|19||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sanjay Karol||Patna High Court|
|20||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Ravi Shanker Jha||Punjab and Haryana High Court|
|21||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Manindra Mohan Shrivastava (Acting Chief Justice)||Rajasthan High Court|
|22||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Biswanath Somadder||Sikkim High Court|
|23||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Satish Chandra Sharma||Telangana High Court|
|24||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Indrajit Mahanty||Tripura High Court|
|25||Hon’ble Mr. Justice Sanjaya Kumar Mishra (Acting Chief Justice)||Uttarakhand High Court|