Hey, aspirants! Welcome to Lawctopus’ Judiciary Corner.
In this article, we will discuss the Indian Constitution. We have seen that numerous questions from the Constitution come in judicial exams.
This article contains the following topics:
- Quick Constitution Revision Table
- Latest Amendments of the past five years
Before we begin, make sure you check out “How to Study Indian Constitution for Judiciary?”
Let’s get started.
Historical Indian Constitution General Knowledge facts to remember:
- The Indian Constitution was ready on 26th November 1949. However, it became official on 26th January 1950.
- The total time taken to draft the Constitution was two years, eleven months, and eighteen days.
- The Constituent Assembly was constituted in November 1946.
- B.R Ambedkar was the chairman of the Drafting Committee.
- M.N Roy gave the idea of the Constituent Assembly.
Legal General Knowledge facts to remember:
- On 26th November, India celebrates Constitution Day.
- Original Articles under Indian Constitution were 395 with 22 parts. Currently, it has 470 Articles with 25 parts.
- The Indian Constitution is the lengthiest constitution in the world.
- The latest constitutional amendment 105 has amended Article 342A.
- Constitution replaced the Government Act of India, 1935.
Want to know every latest constitutional update? Check out Clatalogue.
Quick Consitution Revision Table
|1||1-4||Union and It’s Territory||I|
|4||35-51||Directive Principles of State Policy||IV|
Ch.1: The Executive (52-78)
Ch. 2: Parliament (79-122)
Ch. 3: Legislative Powers of the President (123)
Ch. 4: The Union Judiciary (124- 147)
Ch. 5: Comptroller and Auditor-General of India (148-151)
Ch. 1: General (152)
Ch. 2: The Executive (153-167)
Ch. 3:The State Legislature (168-212)
Ch. 4: Legislative Powerr of the Governor (213)
Ch. 5: The High Courts in the States (214-232)
Ch. 6: Subordinate Courts (233-237)
|8||238||Omitted (7th Amendment) Act, 1956||VII|
|9||239-242||The Union Territories||VIII|
|12||243ZH- 243ZT||The Co-operative Socities||IX-B|
|13||244-244A||The Scheduled and Tribal Areas||X|
|14||245- 263||RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION AND STATES|
Ch. 1: Legislative Relations (245- 255)
Ch. 2: Administrative Relations (256-263)
|15||264-300A||FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS AND SUITS|
Ch.1: Finance (264-291)
Ch. 2: Borrowing (292-293)
Ch. 3: Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits (294-300)
Ch. 4: Right to Property (300A)
|16||301-307||Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the Territory of India||XIII|
|17||308-323||SERVICES UNDER THE UNION AND THE STATES|
Ch. 1: Services (308-314)
Ch. 2: Public Service Commissions 315- 323)
|20||330-342A||Special Provisions Relating to Certain Classes||XVI|
Ch. 1: Language of the Union (343-344)
Ch. 2: Regional Languages (345-347)
Ch. 3: Language of the Supreme Court, High Courts, Etc. (348-349)
Special Directives (350-351)
|24||368||Amendment of the Constitution||XX|
|25||369-392||Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions||XXI|
|26||393 to 395||Short title, commencement, authoritative text in Hindi and repeals||XXII|
Latest Amendments of the past five years
|1||101st||1 July 2017||Introduction of the Goods and Services Tax.|
|2||102nd||11 August 2018||Constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes.|
|3||103rd||12 January 2019||maximum of 10% Reservation for economically weaker sections with certain exceptions.|
|4||104th||25th January 2020||It extended the reservation seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from 70 yrs. to 80 yrs.|
It also removed the reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.
|5||105th||10 August 2021||This amendment restored the power of the state governments to identify Other Backward Classes (OBCs) that are socially and economically backward. Before that only center was allowed to do that according to Supreme Court 2011 judgment.|