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Fundamental Duties under the Indian Constitution for Judiciary Exams


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Fundamental Duties just like Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy are an important topic. Aspirants however neglect it while preparing for the exam and lose 1-2 marks unnecessarily.

Fun Fact: Fundamental Duties is the shortest topic in Indian Constitution that hardly takes 1-2 hours to understand and memorize. Down below is the list of all the Fundamental Duties mentioned in the Constitution. Read, learn and, revise.

Fundamental Duties

Important Note:

  1. Fundamental Duties are mentioned in Part IV-A of the Constitution.
  2. Unlike Fundamental Rights, they are not enforceable by the Court of Law.
  3. They are intended to create a sense of psychological consciousness among the citizens.
  4. A total of 11 Fundamental Duties are listed in the Indian Constitution.
  5. Fundamental Duties were added by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.

List of Fundamental Duties under the Indian Constitution

S.No.Fundamental Duties
1Abide by the Indian Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag, and the National Anthem.
2Cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom.
3Uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.
4Defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
5Promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic, and regional or sectional diversities and renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
6Value and preserve the rich heritage of the country’s composite culture.
7Protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers, and wildlife, and to have compassion for living creatures.
8Develop scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
9Safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
10Strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavor and achievement.
11Provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years. This duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.

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