By Sudhanshu Jatav, GNLU
Editor’s Note: This paper discusses the role played by the United Nations Millenium Development Goals (MDP) Programme in the development of the rights of the people of the third gender.
The president of UN general assembly hosted an event on 25 Sept 2013. In which the UN secretary general Ban-Ki –Moon presented his member states his report entitled “A Life of dignity for all” , outcome of it the world’s leaders renewed their commitment to reach the MDG’s and agreed to hold a higher level summit in Sept 2015 to achieve a new set of goals buildings on the achievements of the MDG’s .
The eight UNMDP goals start from eradication of Extreme poverty and hunger to achieve universal primary education, these goals talks about maternal health and about fighting HIV/AIDS. Environment stability and global partnership were also discussed. One of its goals was also gender equality and the empowerment of women. Now the question that arises is that in all those wide scoped development programs there was no mention about the third gender. Achieving gender equality that MDG talks about is only looking till the equality between the two basic genders.
In Sweden Hen is made into the Swedish National Encyclopedia the word is a gender neutral pronoun that can be applied to the objects and the people who do not wish to be specifically defined as Male and Female and is now officially a third pronoun in Sweden and Germany is the first country that will birth certificates to the third gender. These countries on one part are moving forward for the upliftment of the third gender and trying to get them into the mainstream society and when we look for the same in UNMDP program is only talking about the women upliftment. “Gender stereotypes damage men as well as women. We need to rethink the idea of what is male and female. Humanity will be better off when boys and girls can live without limitations” in his statement Mikael Gustafsson is looking towards humanity only with the betterment of boys and girls and he clearly ignored the fact that for the betterment of Humanity one has to rethink the idea of not only what is male and female but also what is third gender.
When we look at UN partners for the MDG’s we can see that there is UN Women, UNHCR , UNAIDS but for the LGBT rights there is no mention . Since the founding of United Nations in 1945 they have not discussed LGBT rights regarding equality regardless sexual orientation and gender identity. And instead of support there are opposition for the LGBT rights from the countries who are the member of United Nations.
“If adopted, they would create new and implacable discriminations. For example, states which do not recognise same-sex unions as ‘matrimony’ will be pilloried and made an object of pressure.”1 A key part of the Vatican opposition to the draft Declaration relates to the concept of gender identity. In a statement on 19 December, Archbishop Migliore noted:
“In particular, the categories ‘sexual orientation’ and ‘gender identity’, used in the text, find no recognition or clear and agreed definition in international law. If they had to be taken into consideration in the proclaiming and implementing of fundamental rights, these would create serious uncertainty in the law as well as undermine the ability of States to enter into and enforce new and existing human rights conventions and standards.”2
Edited by Hariharan Kumar
1. The Irish Times. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2009.
2. Statement of the Holy See Delegation at the 63rd Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Declaration on Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity”(Press release). December 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2009.