India is unfortunately home to the largest number of child laborers in the world. Brassware, glass and bangle industry, handloom and textiles, diamond cuttings etc. are the different industries in India where child labor is very high. Approximately 85% of the world’s diamonds (57% by value) are cut in Gujarat. Small scale diamond mining is often conducted without training or expertise and is usually an unregulated activity. As children are considered as easy source of cheap labor, they are regularly employed in diamond mining industry. Life is full of hardship for them, they work for long hours and compared to adults, are more vulnerable to injuries and accidents. Therefore, behind the glittering world of India’s diamond cutting industry lays the grime of exploitation and child labor.