Economic liberalisation and respect for human rights are both highly topical issues. Both fields of law protect certain freedoms: economic development could lead to higher human rights standards and be used to secure compliance with human rights agreements. However the interaction between trade liberalisation and human rights protection is complex. The Indian judiciary has in its judgments consistently preserved as unassailable the economic and industrial policy of the Government of India. A study of the same has been made by the author in the following paper.