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A Critical Analysis of The Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India Bill, 2013

On 23 January 2003, India ratified the Cartagena Protocol which protects biodiversity from potential risks of genetically modified organisms. Currently, the Genetic Engineering Approvals Committee, a body under the Ministry of Environment and Forests is responsible for approval of genetically engineered products in India. However, the enaction of a statute has been proposed for the regulation of modern biotechnology in the country and a Bill to this effect, called the Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India Bill (BRAI Bill) 2013 has been tabled in Lok Sabha by the Minister for Science and Technology, Mr Jaipal Reddy. If the bill is passed, the responsibility will be taken over by the Environment Appraisal Panel, a sub-division of the BRAI. In this paper the author has presented the various dimensions and the effects of the proposed bill.

Nature of Continental Shelf Rights under International Law

A continental shelf is the edge of a continent that lies under the ocean. It extends from the coastline of a continent to a drop-off point called the shelf break. These occupy about 7% of the area of the world’s oceans but their economic importance is significantly greater. Therefore, shelf seas are of national importance not just in the geographical sense, but also in the legal, social and economical arena. As a consequence, there has been a need for the development of natural resources of the continental shelf without being detrimental to competing policies. Ergo, these have been included under International law which confirms each coastal state’s right to explore and exploit the natural resources of its continental shelf both through treaty and customary usage.


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