Category: International Environmental Law

A Critical Analysis of The Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India Bill, 2013

On 23 January 2003, India ratified the Cartagena Protocol which protects biodiversity from potential risks of genetically modified organisms. Currently, the Genetic Engineering Approvals Committee, a body under the Ministry of Environment and Forests is responsible for approval of genetically engineered products in India. However, the enaction of a statute has been proposed for the regulation of modern biotechnology in the country and a Bill to this effect, called the Biotechnology Regulatory Authority of India Bill (BRAI Bill) 2013 has been tabled in Lok Sabha by the Minister for Science and Technology, Mr Jaipal Reddy. If the bill is passed, the responsibility will be taken over by the Environment Appraisal Panel, a sub-division of the BRAI. In this paper the author has presented the various dimensions and the effects of the proposed bill.

Civil Aviation in the EU Emission Trading Scheme

By Pravir Singh Srivastava & Akanksha Sisodia, Symbiosis Law School, Noida Editor’s note: In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions effectively, the European Union established an emissions trading system. A ‘cap’ is set on the total amount of greenhouse gases that can be emitted – this cap now includes emissions […]

Geological Carbon Sequestration:Is The Existing Legal Framework Adequate?

By Priyan Garg, Amity Law School, Noida EDITOR’S NOTE:- Carbon sequestration is the process of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. While it prima facie falls within the scope of geo-engineering, the need for a concrete legal framework to resolve the disputes arising out of geological carbon sequestration has been […]

Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation of Oil Pollution Damage : An Overview

By Shrushti Rath, KIIT University School of Law Editor’s Note: The International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC) was adopted in the year 1969 to ensure that adequate compensation is available to persons who suffer oil pollution damage resulting from maritime casualties involving oil-carrying ships.  The Convention on the […]

Nature of Continental Shelf Rights under International Law

A continental shelf is the edge of a continent that lies under the ocean. It extends from the coastline of a continent to a drop-off point called the shelf break. These occupy about 7% of the area of the world’s oceans but their economic importance is significantly greater. Therefore, shelf seas are of national importance not just in the geographical sense, but also in the legal, social and economical arena. As a consequence, there has been a need for the development of natural resources of the continental shelf without being detrimental to competing policies. Ergo, these have been included under International law which confirms each coastal state’s right to explore and exploit the natural resources of its continental shelf both through treaty and customary usage.

Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act, 2010

By Shivani Gupta, HNLU Raipur   Editor’s Note: By using a miniscule of nuclear matter, the problem of immeasurable human needs for energy can be resolved. However since nuclear energy also has the inherent potential for catastrophic destruction, one should be extremely mindful of the consequences should a mischance occur. […]

Disaster Management In Outer Space

By Girish Kalla, Seedling School of Law And Governance, Jaipur National University Jaipur Editor’s Note: Disaster management is the effort of communities or organizations to plan and coordinate all personnel and materials required to either mitigate the effects of, or recover from, natural or man-made disasters. The two major arms of space technology in […]

Approach towards a Greener Environment: Carbon Trading and Carbon Taxing

By Abhishek Thommandru & Trishna Roy, DSNLU Editor’s Note:  This paper discusses the scheme of carbon taxing and cap-and trade and materializes on the fact that carbon trading can be nearly called as a second-chance lending mechanism. The admirable feature is that in the world where capitalism is more prevalent, the industries will […]