Category: Sociology

Role Of Government In Public Health: Current Scenario In India

Digvijay Singh INTRODUCTION The practice of public health has been dynamic in India, and has witnessed many hurdles in its attempt to affect the lives of the people of this country. Since independence, major public health problems like malaria, tuberculosis, leprosy, high maternal and child mortality and lately, human immunodeficiency […]

Tobacco Control Policies in India

Digvijay Singh Editor’s Note:Tobacco use is a major public health challenge in India with 275 million adults consuming different tobacco products. Government of India has taken various initiatives for tobacco control in the country. Besides enacting comprehensive tobacco control legislation (COTPA, 2003), India was among the first few countries to […]

Education, Employment And Empowerment Of The Rescued Women Of Trafficking

Prajoy Dutta & Harshit Singh Jadoun Editor’s Note:Since the beginning of time, women in India have been objectified and discriminated as items for domestic use. Treated as slaves, sex objects and various other forms of derogatory labour, historically, women had never been allowed to stand up for their rights and […]

Conflict, Refugee Situation and Human Rights: A Case Study of Tamil Refugees in the Sri Lankan Conflict

By Anonymous Editor’s Note: Refugee situations and statelessness are two of the most pertinent issues today in International Law. There are millions of displaced persons who live in the most inhumane conditions all over the world including India, Iran and Pakistan and their only intention was to avoid conflict. As […]

Harmful Traditional Practices: Crimes Against Women Under The Garb Of Custom And Tradition

Due to some social structures, traditions, stereotypes and attitudes about women and their role in society, they become particularly vulnerable to certain crimes. Fundamentalist groups often center on controlling women, using cultural arguments against women’s rights. Moreover, most women in developing countries are unaware of their basic human rights. It is this state of ignorance which ensures their acceptance and, consequently, the perpetuation of harmful traditional practices affecting their well-being and that of their children. Even when women acquire a degree of economic and political awareness, they often feel powerless to bring about the change necessary to eliminate gender inequality. Therefore, empowering women is vital to any process of change and to the elimination of these harmful traditional practices.

Interpreting Provisions of The Armed Forces (special Powers) act, 1958

The Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) was implemented by Indian government in 1958 in the context of separatist movements and the violence caused by them. It has received mixed reactions from across the country and has always been a debatable issue. The authors after a detailed analysis have concluded that there is nothing wrong with AFSPA as a law, but it is prone to more negative construction than positive construction. The criticism of the Act clearly outweighs the benefits provided by it. So, for a more successful implementation of the Act, more amendments are required that leave no lacunae in the interpretation of its provisions.

Public Interest Litigation, Social Action Litigation & Private Attorneys Of Law

It is because of a system for Public Interest Litigation that the Indian judiciary has been able to help in cooling down a few controversial policy questions. One could think of the controversy about the reservation of seats for SCs/STs and other backwards classes in employment or educations institutions, the government policies of liberalisation and privatisation and the contested height of the Narmada dam as examples of this kind of contribution. However, it is critical to ensure that PIL does not become a back-door to enter the temple of justice to fulfill private interests, settle political scores or simply to gain easy publicity. While critics have been persuasive when pointing to particular cases, the sheer number of cases, as well as the variation in tendencies over time and among court benches, has made reaching a general conclusion difficult.

Political Uncertainty And Economic Stability

By Oyshee Gupta (CNLU Patna) & Suhaas Arora (RGNUL Patiala) EDITOR’S NOTE:- The repercussions are most irreparably felt by the economy.Investors usually evaluate the prospects of investment based on the policies of the incumbent governments as well as the possibility of changes in government. For developing nations, the economy is […]

Women in Panchayats

-Shreeyam Jain & Anjali Singh, CNLU Patna The year 1993 saw history in the making. After a long-drawn-out exercise, in the summer of 1993 (24th April 1993) Presidential sanction was bestowed to the 73rd constitutional amendment bill, which inter alia confirmed the entry of women into rural local self-governing units […]

Gender Relations

Ayushi Singhal, NUJS GENDER SOCIALIZATION. One of the routes adopted to understand the origins of gender differences is the study of gender socialisation- the learning of gender roles with the help of social agencies like family, media etc. The approach of gender socialisation makes a distinction between biological sex and […]