By Digvijay Singh Introduction The estimates of the present decade show that worldwide each year nearly half a million women die from complications during pregnancy and childbirth. About 99% of these women belong to the developing world with over 90% concentrated in Africa and Asia. The current maternal mortality ratio […]
Digvijay Singh Introduction The practice of public health has been dynamic in India and has witnessed many hurdles in its attempt to affect the lives of the Indian people. Since independence, major public health problems like malaria, tuberculosis, leprosy, high maternal and child mortality and lately, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) […]
Digvijay Singh Editor’s Note: Tobacco use is a major public health challenge in India with 275 million adults consuming different tobacco products. Government of India has taken various initiatives for tobacco control in the country. Besides enacting comprehensive tobacco control legislation (COTPA 2003), India was among the first few countries to […]
By Prajoy Dutta & Harshit Singh Jadoun Editor’s Note: Since the beginning of time, women in India have been objectified and discriminated as items for domestic use. Treated as slaves, sex objects and various other forms of derogatory labour, historically, women had never been allowed to stand up for their […]
Rupali & Harshit Singh Jadoun Editor’s Note: If the history of India is examined before the advent of Britishers then the phrase “India being a land of diversity with unity” fits in appropriately. Religion and language in ancient time acted as a main constituent of strengthening harmony along with uniformity […]
By Anonymous Editor’s Note: Refugee situations and statelessness are two of the most pertinent issues today in International Law. There are millions of displaced persons who live in the most inhumane conditions all over the world including India, Iran and Pakistan and their only intention was to avoid conflict. As […]
Due to some social structures, traditions, stereotypes and attitudes about women and their role in society, they become particularly vulnerable to certain crimes. Fundamentalist groups often center on controlling women, using cultural arguments against women’s rights. Moreover, most women in developing countries are unaware of their basic human rights. It is this state of ignorance which ensures their acceptance and, consequently, the perpetuation of harmful traditional practices affecting their well-being and that of their children. Even when women acquire a degree of economic and political awareness, they often feel powerless to bring about the change necessary to eliminate gender inequality. Therefore, empowering women is vital to any process of change and to the elimination of these harmful traditional practices.
The Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) was implemented by Indian government in 1958 in the context of separatist movements and the violence caused by them. It has received mixed reactions from across the country and has always been a debatable issue. The authors after a detailed analysis have concluded that there is nothing wrong with AFSPA as a law, but it is prone to more negative construction than positive construction. The criticism of the Act clearly outweighs the benefits provided by it. So, for a more successful implementation of the Act, more amendments are required that leave no lacunae in the interpretation of its provisions.
It is because of a system for Public Interest Litigation that the Indian judiciary has been able to help in cooling down a few controversial policy questions. One could think of the controversy about the reservation of seats for SCs/STs and other backwards classes in employment or educations institutions, the government policies of liberalisation and privatisation and the contested height of the Narmada dam as examples of this kind of contribution. However, it is critical to ensure that PIL does not become a back-door to enter the temple of justice to fulfill private interests, settle political scores or simply to gain easy publicity. While critics have been persuasive when pointing to particular cases, the sheer number of cases, as well as the variation in tendencies over time and among court benches, has made reaching a general conclusion difficult.
By Anonymous Introduction Martin Luther (10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a Reformer, German priest and a Professor of theology who strictly opposed the ideology that freedom from God’s punishment of sin could be purchased with money. The main argument of his was that salvation is not the […]
By Oyshee Gupta (CNLU Patna) & Suhaas Arora (RGNUL Patiala) EDITOR’S NOTE:- The repercussions are most irreparably felt by the economy.Investors usually evaluate the prospects of investment based on the policies of the incumbent governments as well as the possibility of changes in government. For developing nations, the economy is […]
By Shreeyam Jain & Anjali Singh, CNLU Patna INTRODUCTION: The year 1993 saw history in the making. After a long-drawn-out exercise, in the summer of 1993 (24th April 1993) Presidential sanction was bestowed to the 73rd constitutional amendment bill, which inter alia confirmed the entry of women into rural local […]
By Abhinav Yadav Editor’s note: There has existed a millennia old institution of prejudice against certain sections of society which led to the classes in the lowest strata of hierarchy being suppressed oppressively With a rise in awareness, a need to empower the marginalized sections by giving them political powers […]
By Ayushi Singhal, NUJS GENDER SOCIALIZATION One of the routes adopted to understand the origins of gender differences in the study of gender socialization- the learning of gender roles with the help of social agencies like family, media etc. The approach of gender socialization makes a distinction between biological sex […]