Words like misogyny, patriarchy, male dominance, sexism and many more are synonymous with gender inequality. No matter their weight, these words can never be exhaustive of a women’s experience with discrimination. The language of subordination is often controlled by masculine figures. In its place, we bring to you the language of resistance narrated by women in the courtrooms. In a survey conducted by Lawctopus and Academike, several women voiced their interactions with the law and society. By Sanya Arora and Sonali Chugh.
By Prerna Murarka, fourth-year law student, ILS Law College, Pune.
By Avantika Dowry means any valuable security given at or before the marriage by one party to a marriage to the other party to
By Shubhangi Tripathi ‘An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth’ is what we have assumed retribution to mean in the literal sense.
By Ayush Choudhary, Amity Law School Centre-2 Noida Editor’s Note: The aftermath of the Nirbhaya Rape case in December 2012 was an overaching amendement to s. 376
By Anonymous Editor’s Note: Gurus, or teachers have always been thought of as the most noble, most selfless beings. They have always been thought of
The nation-wide outrage over the brutal gang rape and subsequent death of the physiotherapy intern in India’s very own capital city, New Delhi was the driving force behind the passing of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013. It has been known all over as one of the most concrete steps taken by the Indian government to curb violence against women. Major amendments by the Act, not only widen the ambit of certain offences but also recognise new offences like acid attacks which earlier lacked a specific provision and definition in the Code. The Act is deemed to be one of the most important changes that have been made in the existing criminal laws namely the Indian Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure and the Indian Evidence Act.
Due to some social structures, traditions, stereotypes and attitudes about women and their role in society, they become particularly vulnerable to certain crimes. Fundamentalist groups often center on controlling women, using cultural arguments against women’s rights. Moreover, most women in developing countries are unaware of their basic human rights. It is this state of ignorance which ensures their acceptance and, consequently, the perpetuation of harmful traditional practices affecting their well-being and that of their children. Even when women acquire a degree of economic and political awareness, they often feel powerless to bring about the change necessary to eliminate gender inequality. Therefore, empowering women is vital to any process of change and to the elimination of these harmful traditional practices.
Sex related offences are a universal phenomena, which take place in every society in different circumstances and social settings. It may take the form of sexual violence, which sometimes cause severe and irreparable damage to the physical and mental health of the victims. Physical injury includes an increased risk of a range of sexual and reproductive health problems. Its impact on mental health can be equally serious as that of physical injury. Sexual offences, when they assume the form of sexual violence may lead to murder, suicide, acute depression, etc. of victims. It entirely disturbs the social well being of the victims because of stigmatisation and the consequential loss of status in their families and the neighbourhood. Theredore, it is vital that measures are introduced to end India’s tolerance of violence against women and girls. Policy and legal reform are needed to address the pervasive and damaging stereotypes surrounding rape. However, as the author has aptly put it, we must look beyond the natural human desire for retributive justice to seek comprehensive solutions, including sex-offender treatment programmes and restorative justice approaches that provide a true and lasting legacy of change.
By Gayatri Loomba The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata Editor’s note: Female foeticide is the gory practise of sex-selective abortion, which renders
By Tarunya Shankar Editor’s note: India recently decriminalized prostitution, making the profession legal but retaining brothel ownership as illegal. This afforded protection to women from
Tarunya Shankar Editor’s note: Prostitution and all activities related to it including solicitation, offering, and so on, have been deemed criminal offences by the State
By Soumya Singh Chauhan, UILS, Chandigarh Editor’s Note: The rape laws of the country were amended in the year 2013 after the Justice J.S. Verma
By Udisha Ghosh, Symbiosis Law School, Pune “Editor’s Note: Rape is one of the most brutal forms of violation of a woman’s privacy and integrity.
By Jibin Mathew George, Tushar Bhardwaj, Siddhartha Srivasatava, Amity Law School, Delhi “Editor’s Note: In the wake of increasing crime against women, there is an incessant discussion
Satwik Singh WB NUJS “Editor’s Note: The paper is a comparison and a critical analysis of the rape laws in India before and after the
By using the data of National Crime Records Bureau , the authors have examined the overall trends and characteristics of crime, crime rates and crime control techniques in each stage of the criminal justice system in India. From the data analyzed, it has been determine that economic, political, and societal factors have played a crucial role in the occurrence of crime and crime control practices. Recent phenomena, like the financial crisis and the current political stalemate in India, seem to have contributed to this disturbing increase in crime. If these factors can be stabilized, then we may anticipate the improvement of the crime situation in India.
Aasawari Dogra & Nimrit Kaur Ahluwalia Army Institute of Law, Mohali “Editor’s Note: The paper is a comprehensive analysis of the entire Sexual Harassment at