Sex related offences are a universal phenomena, which take place in every society in different circumstances and social settings. It may take the form of sexual violence, which sometimes cause severe and irreparable damage to the physical and mental health of the victims. Physical injury includes an increased risk of a range of sexual and reproductive health problems. Its impact on mental health can be equally serious as that of physical injury. Sexual offences, when they assume the form of sexual violence may lead to murder, suicide, acute depression, etc. of victims. It entirely disturbs the social well being of the victims because of stigmatisation and the consequential loss of status in their families and the neighbourhood. Theredore, it is vital that measures are introduced to end India’s tolerance of violence against women and girls. Policy and legal reform are needed to address the pervasive and damaging stereotypes surrounding rape. However, as the author has aptly put it, we must look beyond the natural human desire for retributive justice to seek comprehensive solutions, including sex-offender treatment programmes and restorative justice approaches that provide a true and lasting legacy of change.
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Sentencing of a convict basically embarks the culmination of the judicial process which begins with the detection, enforcement of the law, prosecution and adjudication. Thus the importance of Sentencing lies in the fact that it becomes the face of Justice and a future deterrent for the prospective offender of law. Informed Public Opinion should be involved right at the beginning of the formation of Sentencing policy so that a consensus can be arrived at about its actual objective. A well-managed Public debate should be initiated by the authorities on various platforms as it will not only help to remove the Iron Curtain between the Courts and the society but will also improve the level of acceptance of the Court’s decision regarding sentencing by the people at large.
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