Aam Aadmi Party- A Fallacy; An instance of treating Cancer with Cough Syrup

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vFlat - Smart & Quick  scanning experience

By Vishwajeet Singh & Anup Kumar Naik, GNLU

Editor’s Note: As the title of the paper suggests, this research paper looks into the fallacious stratagems of Arvind Kejriwal’s Sanghathit political party, the Aam Aadmi Party. The paper opens putting forth the Gandhian ideologies and his ideal state, and sketching the emergence of Aam Aadmi Party as a political party. This indeed is followed by an analysis of the populist measures undertaken by the Government at Delhi formed by Aam Aadmi Party. The paper then makes an effort to bring about the reality of the party; ‘the party with a difference’ as is popularly alleged. It makes an effort to present the backstage of the play presented by the Aam Aadmi Party, as to how a promise of manifesting the dream of an ideal state has been manipulated in their favour, pulling in the spotlight on them presenting themselves as to be the perfect alternative against the system infested with the traditional corrupt political parties and backed with a reason and motive of ushering in the era of clean politics.


There has been a dream, a dream of a land where life stands just better, richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for each according to ability. A social order in which every man and woman shall be able to attain to the fullest stature of what they are innately capable of, and be recognized by others for what they are, regardless of the fortuitous circumstances of birth or position. A picture of a casteless and classless society, in which there are no vertical divisions but only horizontal; no high, no low; all service has equal status and carries equal wages; those who have more use their advantage not for themselves but as a trust to serve others who have less; the motivating factor in the choice of vocations is not personal advancement but self-expression and self-realization through the service of society. The principle of community service replaces unrestricted, soulless competition. Everybody is a toiler with ample leisure, opportunity, and facilities for education and culture. It is a fascinating world of cottage crafts and intensive, small-scale farming co-operatives, a world in which there is no room for communalism or caste. A world in which the economic frontiers are drawn closer but the bounds of individual freedom are enlarged to the maximum limit; everybody is responsible for his immediate environment and all are responsible for society. Rights and duties are regulated by the principle of interdependence, and reciprocity; there is no conflict between the part and the whole; no danger of nationalism becoming narrow, selfish or aggressive or internationalism becoming an abstraction where the concrete is lost in a nebulous haze of vague generalities.[i]

Indeed a difficult dream to nurture for any Indian giving to the fact that a majority of us have grown weary and mistrustful of it. But this is what Gandhi had in his mind for his ideal state. He did not evolve any philosophical system of his own rather cultured a dream of an ideal state on the ‘ideology’ he stood by. Ideology of Village Swaraj is that of a complete republic, independent of its neighbours for its own vital wants, and yet dependent on many others where dependence is a necessity, led about on principles of Supremacy of Man – Full  Employment, Body Labour, Equality, Trusteeship, Decentralization, Swadeshi, Co-operation, Satyagraha, Equality of Religions, Panchayati Raj and Nai Talim.

A promise of manifesting this dream of ideal state onto reality, indeed would be alluring without a doubt. However, a state in rhyme with the promise, is beyond practicality and is just above reality. Aam Aadmi Party as is popularly alleged, to be a party with difference, indeed played its dice of wooing voters on this promise. Pulling in the spotlight being with India Against Corruption, Sri Arvind Kejriwal was smart enough in managing for himself enough attention of the media, that made him the Chief Minister of Delhi from that of a mere social worker.


2G, 3G, CWG and many more. The in numerous scams by the incumbent UPA II got on to nerves of every Indian citizen. Scam after scam, probably that was the only thing that the current Indian government could come up with. All these things were pointing towards a new low in India’s rich golden history. No one knew what the solution to this could be.

Then stepped up a short, old man from the village called Ralegaon Siddhi in Maharashtra, Kisan Babu Rao Hazare alias Anna Hazare. His demand was promotion of rural development, increased government transparency and removal of corruption. He was joined by many others in this initiative leading to the formation of India Against Corruption or IAC. The movement sought to mobilize the support of masses towards a less corrupt society in India. Frequent hunger strikes by Anna and Dharna by IAC members became a routine norm for the movement. Infact, it’s a trend which till today stands to be in practice by the likes of Arvind Kejriwal and his party, Aam Aadmi Party.

The movement saw mass participation of the Indian middle class with millions of common people joining the IAC ranks across the country. Things seemed to be on track. The fasts and Dharnas seems to have worked perfectly. But in late 2012 came the turning point. A survey conducted by the India Against Corruption said that their direct involvement in the mainstream politics would serve the purpose of the movement better. This led to the breaking away of Arvind Kejriwal, Kumar Vishwas, Prashant Bhushan and many others onto a league different from that of India Against Corruption. However, the findings of the survey were rejected by Anna Hazare. The breakaway fraction went on to form a political party of its own which is today known as the Aam Aadmi Party or AAP.

The Aam Aadmi Party or AAP was formally launched on the 26th November 2012 in Delhi and was registered on March, 2013 as a political party by the Election Commission of India. The party’s support base then has kept on increasing ever since with people from various backgrounds joining the party ranks across the country. The party has been receiving donations from Indians, Non-resident Indians and from organizations as well to fund their election costs. The Party then contested the 2013 Delhi State Government elections and shocked one and all with their stunning debut which saw them winning an unprecedented 28 seats out of a possible 70 emerging than as the second highest majority party. Ironically, they also went onto form the government, minority though, with outside support from the party against whom they had most of their run-ins, i.e., Indian National Congress or the INC.

Their tenure at the helm of affairs was very eventful and full of melodramas which saw the Chief Minister taking to the streets to protest for the first time in the history of India. It all culminated with the resignation of the ‘people’s man’ Arvind Kejriwal as the Chief Minister of Delhi after being in charge for 49 days.


When the people’s mandate for the 2013 Delhi Assembly elections was announced there was a wave of shock and surprise accompanied with happiness and joy on every other Delhites face. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the strongest party winning 31 seats. However, the surprise package was that the self-proclaimed “silver lining in the era of corruption”, Aam Aadmi Party had won 28 seats to stun one and all, probably even themselves. The days that followed ensured that the media had a lot on their plates. Headlines followed headlines or a breaking news every hour. Ultimately, it was the Aam Aadmi Party who fixed upon to from the government with outside support from the party whom they had called corrupt and anti-nationals and people who had brought the progress of the nation to a standstill. This was indeed a irony in its own.

The Aam Aadmi Party which had promised a lot to the ‘aamaadmi’ began with its operations. Quite a few schemes were launched with Aam Aadmi Party announcing free water to every household. 667 litres of free water was made available to Delhites on a daily basis.[ii] Water having done, next up was electricity. The electricity prices were halved for households consuming 1-400 units of electricity leading to a subsidy of Rs. 220 crores.[iii] It was nowhere enough for Kejriwal as he also announced a 50% electricity bill waiver to all the defaulters in the period from October 2012 to April 2013.[iv] Anti-graft helpline numbers were also launched. Helplines for school children with complaints and boards with grievance-redress information at schools were also launched.[v] The much publicized Jan Lokpal Bill which was supposed to be passed within fifteen days of forming the government as per the very claims of Aam Aadmi Party, though never happened. However, Arvind Kejriwal being the Chief Minister went on to stage a ‘Dharna’ outside the Rail Bhavan that was apparently due to police inaction in cases of crimes against women.[vi]In fact, he had also made an announcement for the formation of a “Mahila Suraksha Dal” employing former martial arts trainers and army personnel.[vii] Within two weeks of coming into power, Kejriwal also organized a “Janta Darbar” and had planned for more such darbars.[viii] However, no one could see him continuing with it latter. His very next move was that of increasing the number of night shelters for the homeless in the intense cold, indeed a move rightly deserving worthy credit.[ix]

New reforms were introduced in the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee. Holding on to reports of corruption, the chairman and vice-chairman were removed.[x] Aam Aadmi Party’s decision to move the Millenium Bus Depot from the Yamuna bank was widely applauded.[xi] This won him a lot of plaudits from the environmentalists as this was a key move in saving the river Yamuna. Arvind Kejriwal also extended the VAT form filling deadlines for upto two categories as the traders were not able to fill the form due to complexities.[xii] He even went onto say that he wouldn’t mind blocking the Raj Path on the Republic Day[xiii], though that was a quite a statement from a person who loves and respects his country. Such an irresponsible statement from a person who dreams of leading the nation was indeed a very shameful for the country as a whole. He also announced 15000 new permits for auto-rickshaws which were to be given to SC/STs[xiv]. The AAP government also raised the proposal of reserving 90% of the seats in Delhi University for local students.[xv] These were a few steps taken by the government adding to which are a few proposals that had been brought forward by the Aam Aadmi Party government. We can quite clearly see many of his measures are nothing else but just ‘populist’.

If we look a bit more into this, we will realize that many of the steps he had taken were fundamentally flawed. As soon as the AAP came into power there was a buzz all around that they would be ending the VIP culture. After days of initial drama from them, all the Aam Aadmis of the Aam Aadmi Party took VIP cars with VIP registration numbers within a week of forming the government.[xvi] That was not all, Arvind Kejriwal went on to acquire not one but two 5-BHK flats in Delhi.[xvii] Indeed a very Aam Move. But wait, there came Manish Sisodia who moved into a new luxury 18-crore flat in Mayur Vihar soon after the government formation.[xviii] Adding more to the VIP drama was the fact that Somnath Bharati had been to the IIC festival and holding on to the reports, the show was stopped there for his speech since he had arrived late.[xix] Indeed a great move on part of a Aam VVIP. Even the media was curtailed from entering the Secretariat on the very first day of government formation. However that decision was retracted soon after the boycott from media.[xx] The so-called water subsidy given by AAP was actually an eyewash. After promising free water to ‘everyone’, Aam Aadmi Party decided to give the water freebie to only those middle class persons who had a metre connection. Infact, there are many areas in Delhi which had been promised free 700 litres of water but didn’t even have pipelines running till them.[xxi] Again, quite unfairly, people who use more than 700 litres of water were now supposed to pay more than they had to earlier. Ironically, Arvind Kejriwal, the self-proclaimed ‘messiah’ against corruption backtracked from fighting corruption. Before the elections Kejriwal had said that he has ample proof to prosecute Sheila Dikshit. Sarcastically, with his becoming the Chief Minister he went ahead asking the Bhartiya Janta Party to bring proof in order to prosecute Sheila Dikshit.[xxii][xxiii] Why have a soft-corner for Sheila Dikshit all of a sudden? Such was the extent to which AAP have been idiotic in their approach that one of their minister went on to file a FIR after her car was hit by a ball that kids were playing with.[xxiv] Aam Aadmi Party’s Health Minister Satyendra Jain stunned everyone by shrugging responsibility of a new-born’s death as it had happened in a private hospital.[xxv] The Aam Aadmi Party government even wanted to curb the police’s powers to fine auto-drivers who refused to carry passengers, go by meter, violating permits etc.[xxvi]The transport commissioner was replaced for resisting this decision.[xxvii] The AAP law minister Somnath Bharati tried his level best to take laws into his own hands. He infamously raided a place of two Ugandan women over charges of running sex and drug racket.[xxviii] And all this happened without a warrant. Hence, the police was unwilling to conduct the raid. It is at this moment when the law minister himself took law into his own hands.[xxix]

Moving on to the electricity bill issue, Kejriwal’s populist move to waive the bill for ten months may well have turned out to be a master-stroke but this bill waiver was unfair on law-abiding citizens who had never defaulted on their payments.[xxx]Infact, upon close observation we’d see that people who actually broke the law and didn’t pay their bills actually ended up having the last laugh.[xxxi] The matter is still sub judice though with the Delhi High Court staying the waiver.[xxxii] Furthermore, Arvind Kejriwal’s secular credentials are bound to be questioned. Right before the Delhi elections, he was spotted moving with the controversial Muslim cleric Maulana Tauqeer Raza in Bareilly.[xxxiii] Many believe this was a move to woo the Muslim votes. It is definitely an interesting thing to note here that despite making tall claims of honesty and fairness, in order to win the elections Kejriwal has to walk on the path of a conventional Indian politician. If that is so why act then? Why portray yourself as a crusader who has come to solve everyone’s problems? Also, the move by AAP to have a 90% domicile quota in a central university is as bizarre an idea anyone can imagine. It is very well known that Delhi University is an educational hot bed for bright students from all over India. Such a silly move would not only be unfair on the rest of Indians but also undermine the value of the widely renowned Delhi University. If this want enough, the AAP came with another out-of-the-box idea. As per this, schools in Delhi should follow a certain set of guidelines while giving admission to nursery students. Some of which are totally flawed. Or atleast seem to be flawed. A ridiculous radius rule is in place. According to this, schools should have the majority of their intake from this radius of 6 km only. This is indeed very interesting. For there are certain areas in Delhi which have around 40-50 schools within such a radius and they’d find it very difficult to fulfil the criteria. On the other hand, there are certain areas which have hardly 4-5 schools and they are having a harrowing time in deciding whom to leave out and whom not to.[xxxiv] Another low point is that there is only a 5% quota for girl students.[xxxv] This is a big biglet down. The AAP had all along been portraying itself as clean. It had been calling the Congress and BJP as corrupt parties all this while. But when the elections came it was revealed that more than a dozen of its candidates were ex-BJP and ex-Congressmen.[xxxvi]

Courtesy: Hindustan Times

On one hand, the AAP had been sermonizing against criminalization of politics but its leaders on the other hand, seem to look elsewhere and the party has no qualms about giving such people a ticket. AAP has been accusing others to have criminal links. However, they were left red-faced when the brother of one of their candidates Vishesh Ravi from the Karol Bagh seat seemed to have other ideas about it. His brother, Chakit Ravi, has been sent to jail in a kidnapping case.[xxxvii]Infact, Kejriwal himself has nine criminal cases against him some of which entail imprisonment for upto two years or more.[xxxviii]

From all this we can deduce that Arvind Kejriwal is taking people for a ride. By taking populist measure, he is trying to win support from the common folk. He has all along been trying to portray himself as a victim of the dirty game being played between BJP and the Congress. The timing of the Jan Lokpal Bill was such is a good example. Even Kejriwal knew it was never going to get passed. Yet he made the move playing it for the gallery and win popular support. And in process portray himself as the ultimate ‘aam aadmi’ who has been taken by the collars by goons from Congress and BJP and shown his place.


The Aam Aadmi Party is a party for the common folk. But are they really that ‘aam’..? There have been lots of questions raised on the integrity of its members. Moreover, there have been reports which even suggest that AAP could well have received funding from the dubious Ford Foundation. Some AAP members even have proximities with the Maoists. These things raise a serious question mark over the Aam Aadmi Party and their aspirations.

Let’s begin with Ford Foundation. It is widely believed that Ford Foundation is a philanthropic organization involved in charity and doing good across the world. But if we take a closer look, we realize there is more to it than meets the eye. The Ford Foundation reportedly has links with the Central Intelligence Agency or CIA.[xxxix] The foundation’s history of collaboration and interlock with CIA in pursuit of US world hegemony is now a well-documented fact.[xl] The foundation basically acts as a frontier or a cover to channelize funds to various CIA projects in other countries in the name of charity. The Ford Foundation today selectively funds anti-leftist human rights groups which focus on attacking human rights violations of U.S. adversaries, and distancing themselves from anti-imperialist human rights organizations and leaders. The FF has developed a sophisticated strategy of funding human rights groups (HRGs) that appeal to Washington to change its policy while denouncing U.S. adversaries their “systematic” violations. The FF supports HRGs which equate massive state terror by the U.S. with individual excesses of anti-imperialist adversaries. The FF finances HRGs which do not participate in anti-globalization and anti-neoliberal mass actions and which defend the Ford Foundation as a legitimate and generous “non-governmental organization”.[xli] In fact, the Ford Foundation has never funded any project that contravenes US policy.[xlii] This means they are non-governmental organization which actually has a lot of respect for government policy! Wow! Thus we can clearly see that the Ford Foundation is nothing but a proxy CIA agency which acts as a medium to propagate the funds to CIA projects.

Now if we take a close look at their involvement in India, we get to see various interesting facts. Arvind Kejriwal and Manish Sisodia’s NGO Kabir is funded by Ford Foundation. A fact accepted by Arvind Kejriwal himself.[xliii]Kabir has received a funding of around $400,000 from the Ford Foundation. Apparently, a confirmation about the grant was made by Ford Foundation on its website. However it was subsequently removed once it was reported across the media circles.


The issue of the grant is mentioned as “Democratic and Accountable Government”. Now why on earth would a NGO registered in United States of America be so much interested in funding other organizations in India for the purpose of having a democratic and accountable government. However, this is not it. Mallika Sarabhai’s NGO Darpana Institute For Performance, Arts and Cultural Studies (DIPAC) or sometimes even referred to as just Darpana is also funded by the Ford Foundation. This is mentioned on their website itself.[xliv] Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) of Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) funds the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS). This ICSSR is funded by the Ford Foundation alongwith JNU and they in turn fund the CSDS. Now, it is to be noted that Yogendra Yadav, a key member of AAP, is a Senior Fellow of the CSDS. And during his stay at CSDS, ICSSR and JNU have both received funds equal to $3,50,000 and $4,00,000.[xlv] Even AAP supporters and sympathizers like Amartya Sen are associated with FF with many of his books being financed by the Ford Foundation.[xlvi] Such is the impact of the foundation.[xlvii] These things make one wonder as to why is the Ford Foundation so much interested in Indian politics especially after the fact that it is just an NGO.

Even the likes of MeeraSanyal (ex-RBS chief)[xlviii], V. Bala (ex-CFO, Infosys)[xlix] are joining the AAP ranks. MeeraSanyal’s NGO is also funded by Ford Foundation.[l] Infosys chairman Narayana Murthy is a board member of Ford Foundation. This could well be the cause of his alignment towards them given 60% of Infosys’ business comes from the United States.

Arvind Kejriwal’s NGO Kabir and Parivartan also infact receive a lot of funding from the Ford Foundation. Parivartan is not registered under any Act as a society or a trust or a Company. It is a people’s movement. For Income Tax purposes, it is an Association of Persons.[li] But if its not a registered organization then how on earth was it funded by the World Bank and in fact it also featured in the World Bank’s report “Social Accountability Stock Taking Exercise for South and East Asia (2005)”.[lii] Another point to be noted is that the Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation is also reportedly backed by the CIA.[liii] [liv]

Moving on, if we do some more research on the AAP members we’ll come across many startling facts. So let’s go a bit deeper in to the ‘Aam’ Aadmi Party. First up, we have Aruna Roy. She is reportedly the one who sent a petition begging clemency for AjmalKasab.[lv] This was despite the fact that Kasab was the one who was responsible for dozens of killings on the night of 26/11. The argument that keeping him alive would have helped us to know some secrets about our enemies doesn’t hold any regard. Kasab was a mere pawn in this bloody battle. She was also a member of the National Advisory Council during the tenure of UPA-I till 2006.[lvi]

Next comes Prashant Bhushan, another influential AAP member. His comments about having a plebiscite on Kashmir was an absolute farce.[lvii] It was nothing less than stirring a hornet’s nest. Despite knowing the fact that Kashmir is a very sensitive issue, such a statement coming from a responsible member of AAP was hugely disappointing.[lviii]Its very sad that such an opinion is voiced by a party that portrays itself to be fighting for Indian interests and India as a nation. Interestingly, a couple of years back when the Maoists needed someone to be their mediator they actually wanted Prashant Bhushan to play that role.[lix] One wonders why they wanted only him to don that avatar. Did he have a soft corner for them? One can only wonder.

Furthermore, next is the turn of MedhaPatkar. Her antics in the Narmada BachaoAndolan made her famous. But a Times of India report states that she was actually thrown out of a village in Dantewada, Chattisgarh due to her pro-naxal behaviour.[lx] Also her Narmada Bachao Andolan was supported and visited by Angana P. Chatterjee,[lxi] a person who reportedly has links with the Pakistani rogue state agency Inter Services Intelligence or the ISI through her presence in US based Forum Of Indian Leftists (FOIL) and more importantly Friends Of South Asia (FOSA), a Pakistan aligned group.[lxii]

Shazia Ilmi is also a key member of AAP. If we do a bit of background search on her, we’ll come to know that her family has been attached with the Indian National Congress from a very long time.[lxiii] The same Congress against whom AAP campaigned desperately calling them all sorts of names. This is bound to raise eyebrows. Simply because it is very tough to digest the fact that a person who was born and brought up in a family that eats, sleeps and drinks Congress, campaigns against the very same party. It’d be called more of an eyewash rather than being true. There is more to it. Her father, Late Maulana Ishaq Ilmi,[lxiv] was a very well known figure in Uttar Pradesh albeit in a negative aspect. He was very infamous for allegedly inciting religious violence on many occasions leading to riots.[lxv] Thus it is understandable that a person who hails from such a family will be questioned vehemently and doubts will be raised on his or her secular credentials. To add more to it, she reportedly has an asset of not less than Rs. 30 crores.[lxvi] That is quite a lot for a person who’s only a journalist.

Even Gopal Rai is not far behind in this. He was also an ex-member of Sonia Gandhi’s National Advisory Council. Thus its obvious he’ll be having proximities to Sonia Gandhi. Also, he is also the ex-President of All India Students Association (AISA), the student wing of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation. A left wing radical organization known for its violence.

Interestingly, even the media has its own reasons of being silent on these revelations. Reason being there are quite a few members in the AAP ranks from the media circles. Now its very much understandable that no one likes to take a shot on their own palace. Thus expecting the media houses to do the same is wrong. People like Manish Sisodia (ex-Zee and All India Radio journalist)[lxvii], Yogendra Yadav (political commentator with Doordarshan, NDTV and CNN IBN)[lxviii], ShaziaIlmi (ex-Star News anchor)[lxix] and Ashutosh (ex-Managing Editor, IBN 7)[lxx] are influential names in the media fraternity. Hence, it should be no surprise that the media prefers to keep mum on them or rather doesn’t feel like going deep into the story which involves them.


The AAP has emerged as a very good alternative option for the people of India. Add to that, their overall decent work in Delhi. At a time when people were pissed off by voting for either the BJP or the Congress, the arrival of AAP has greatly affected equations. Gone are the days when poor Indian had to ponder whether to hold the hand or take the lotus. Now he has a party with whom he can relate himself. A ‘jhaadu’ to sweep of all the problems he has in life. The Aam Aadmi Party.

After coming to power in Delhi, the AAP promised a lot but sadly for many failed to deliver. For the AAP loyalists, they did a fair enough job but never had enough time to work with and were also let down by the Congress and BJP’s so called ‘dirty’ politics. And now they are gunning for the big one. The LS polls. No doubt they are looking to do what they did in Delhi. But the truth is a repeat of Delhi 2013 in Lok Sabha polls is highly unlikely. This is due to a number of reasons.

First and foremost, the melodramatic, anarchic politics by Kejriwal has made him lose more than a million fans. A Chief Minister is expected to fight in a proper manner for the people’s right. Not go and sit or sleep on some random dharna. Also, he doesn’t know to take responsibility as a leader. Standing by any ridiculous or obnoxious comment (read Somnath Bharati) by his party people is another fault in him. In short, he is a man who is a master in playing political gimmicks and doesn’t really have the courage to face the issue head on.

Next, in Delhi he probably had one of the most educated voters voting for him. That wont be the case when the AAP steps into the cauldron called Uttar Pradesh. A very sensitive, highly polarised and deeply casteist state. It is not at all going to be easy for them there. Same is the case with Bihar and probably Rajasthan as well. When you go down south, the issues are totally different there. You have the Tamil issue, the Mullaperiyar dam, the mining scams in Karnataka and the simmering issues between Telangana and Seemandhra and much more. These things are not going to be resolved easily. Also, even dharnas are not going to work here. You will actually have to go down to the grassroot level of the problem and then deal with it. The AAP neither has the right men nor the experience to be able to do this. Infact on certain occasions they have looked as if they don’t even have any ideology in particular.

Thus we can say that although AAP has emerged as a good alternative to the now staple, Congress and BJP, but these are still early days and blindly following AAP could have catastrophic consequences. Apart from throwing tantrums and taking popliust measures, AAP hasn’t really done anything. Thus its time the ‘Aam Aadmi’ takes cognizance of it and votes a little more responsibly for the sake of the nation.

Edited by Hariharan Kumar

[i] Mahatma Gandhi, The Last Phase, Vol I, 1956, Pages 539-40.

[ii], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[iii], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[iv], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[v], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[vi] Ibid

[vii] Ibid

[viii], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[ix] Supra n 4

[x], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xi], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xii] Supra n 4

[xiii], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xiv], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xv], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xvi], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xvii], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xviii], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xix], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xx], Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xxi] , Last accessed March 6 2014.

[xxii] , Last accessed March 7 201.

[xxiii] , Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxiv], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxv], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxvi], Last accessed march 7 2014.

[xxvii] Ibid

[xxviii], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxix], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxx], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxi], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxii], last accessed march 7 2014.

[xxxiii], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxiv], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxv] Ibid

[xxxvi], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxvii], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxviii], Last accessed March 7 2014.

[xxxix]James Petras, Financing and Manufacturing “Dissent” in America: Ford Foundation and the CIA, Last accessed March 2 2014.

[xl] Ibid

[xli] Ibid

[xlii] Ibid

[xliii] Last accessed March 2 2014.

[xliv] Last accessed March 2 2014.

[xlv]Lola Nayar, Flowing The Way of Their Money, Last accessed March 1 2014.

[xlvi]Edited by Bina Aggarwal and others, Amartya Sen’s Work and Ideas- A Gender Perspective, Last accessed March 1 2014.


[xlvii]Amartya Sen, The Idea of Justice +sen+funded+by+ford+foundation+ideas+of+justice&hl=en&sa=X&ei=bGgTUTmC8iIrQf2koFQ&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=amartya%20sen%20funded%20by%20ford%20foundation%20ideas%20of%20justice&f=false, Last accessed March 1 2014.

[xlviii], Last accessed March 3 2014.

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[l], Last accessed March 3 2014.

[li], Last accessed March 4 2014.

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[liii]Mary Patricia Callahan, Making Enemies: War and State Building in Burma,, , Last accessed March 4 2014.

[liv], Last accessed March 4 2014.

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[lxiv], Last accessed March 4 2014.

[lxv]MohdIshaqIlmi v The State of Uttar Pradesh and Others, AIR 1957 All 782

[lxvi], Last accessed March 4 2014.

[lxvii], Last accessed March 3 2014.

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